海洋经济

2017, v.7;No.38(02) 9-16

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中国近海渔业资源保护与海洋渔业发展的博弈分析
Game Analysis on China's Offshore Marine Fishery Resources and Marine Fishery Industrial Development

付秀梅;王晓瑜;薛振凯;
FU Xiumei;WANG Xiaoyu;XUE Zhenkai;Ocean University of China,College of Economics;

摘要(Abstract):

在近海渔业资源保护与海洋渔业发展的过程中,政府、企业和渔民从各自角度追求自身利益最大化,三者的博弈失衡成为海洋渔业资源退化的主要外部驱动力。政府生态补偿等政策缺失或不到位,导致企业和渔民用于保护海洋渔业资源所付出的成本没有得到补偿,使得公共利益与个人利益产生冲突。因此,近海渔业资源保护与海洋渔业协调发展的过程中,应明确政府、企业、渔民三方各自责任,在政府、企业和渔民之间得到一个合作博弈的均衡解,从而提高海洋渔业资源的保护效果,兼顾海洋渔业成长,实现近海渔业资源的可持续开发利用。
In the process of the marine fishery resources' protection and the marine fishery industrial development, the game imbalance among the government, enterprises and fishermen who seek to maximize their own interests from their own angles is the main external driving force leading to the degeneration of marine fishery resources.Lack of governmental policies and no compensation for the cost of the marine fishery resources' protection paid by enterprises and fishermen give rise to conflicts between the public and private interests, therefore it is essential to make clear the respective the responsibility of the government, enterprises and fishers to make equilibrium among the three parties, which may improve the protective capacity, take account of the marine fishery industrial development and achieve the sustainable development of offshore fishery resources.

关键词(KeyWords): 近海渔业资源;海洋渔业;海洋生态系统;博弈分析
Marine fishery resources;Marine fishery industry;Marine ecosystems;Game practice

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Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金重点项目“珊瑚礁生态系统中药用生物的化学防御物质及其化学生态效应”[41130858];; 国家海洋局软科学项目“青岛海域海洋生物资源资产化管理研究”[G.2200205.150301]

作者(Author): 付秀梅;王晓瑜;薛振凯;
FU Xiumei;WANG Xiaoyu;XUE Zhenkai;Ocean University of China,College of Economics;

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