海洋经济

2018, v.8;No.43(01) 48-56

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国内外现行海洋能政策比较分析
Comparative Analysis of Domestic and Overseas Current Marine Energy Policies

张炫钊;张培栋;
ZHANG Xuanzhao;ZHANG Peidong;College of Environment and Safety Engineering,Qingdao University of Science & Technology;

摘要(Abstract):

海洋能是一种应用前景广阔的新兴可再生能源,发展海洋能产业可有效应对我国日益增长的能源需求。基于我国海洋能产业整体落后于英美等海洋能产业发达国家这一背景,分析了这些国家与我国现行的海洋能命令控制性政策、经济激励性政策和教育鼓励性政策。通过对比法,明确国内海洋能政策存在的问题,并分析其产生原因,据此提出我国政府应制定长远的海洋能框架性发展目标、颁布海洋能产业专项法律、完善经济激励性政策以及加强信息公开政策等建议。
Marine energy is a kind of emerging renewable energy with promising utility prospect,and the development of marine energy industry could effectively meet the increasing demand of energy at home. According to the fact that the marine energy industry in China is currently less developed than that in some countries,such as UK and USA,this paper details the present command control policies,economic incentive policies and educational incentive policies of marine industry applied respectively in these nations and in China. The flaws of Chinese marine energy are revealed through the comparison and contrasts between the policies above,followed by the analysis of its reasons. Based on these factors,the recommendations made to deal with the flaws are that our government establish a long-term national development strategy for the marine energy sector,issue the special laws concerned,improve the economic incentive policies and reinforce the information publicity policy in this field.

关键词(KeyWords): 海洋能;现行政策研究;产业现状;政策比较
Marine energy;Present policy;Current industry status;Comparison between policies

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家社会科学基金资助项目“促进新能源发展的运营模式和政策创新研究”[14BJY064]

作者(Author): 张炫钊;张培栋;
ZHANG Xuanzhao;ZHANG Peidong;College of Environment and Safety Engineering,Qingdao University of Science & Technology;

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DOI: 10.19426/j.cnki.cn12-1424/p.2018.01.006

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