海洋经济

2016, v.6;No.35(05) 19-25

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中国海洋产业发展与海洋资源利用的关联度研究
Incidence Research Between Marine Industry and Resource Factors in China

生楠;高健;刘依阳;
SHENG Nana;GAO Jiana;LIU Yiyangb;College of Economics and Management,Shanghai Ocean University;Research Institute of Marine Science ,Shanghai Ocean University;

摘要(Abstract):

21世纪是海洋的世纪,海洋经济已经成为国民经济新的增长点。然而不合理的海洋产业布局带来高强度的海洋资源开发和利用,使得海洋资源日益枯竭,限制海洋经济的可持续发展。采用2006—2013年海洋生产总值、海洋三大产业增加值等十六项指标数据,运用灰色关联度理论对海洋三大产业进行关联度分析。研究结果表明,海洋第三产业对海洋经济影响最大,海洋第二产业其次,其中沿海港口客货吞吐量与海洋第三产业关联度显著,风能发电与海洋第二产业关联度最小。要实现可持续发展,需从海洋资源特性出发,优化产业结构,大力发展现代海洋服务业;加强开发与利用新能源。
The 21st century is the marine century and the contribution made by marine economy to economic society has become more and more obvious. At the same time, the ocean has been the focus of the human kind. However, unreasonable layout of the marine industry will lead to intensive resources development and utilization and the resources are decreasing gradually, which has limited the sustainable development of marine economy.Using sixteen index data such as GOP(Gross Ocean Product), output value of the Three Industries and so on from 2006 to 2013, to study the impact of three marine industries by the grey incidence analysis. The results show that the correlation between the marine tertiary industry and marine economy is significant, followed by the marine secondary industry. And volume of freight handled at coastal seaports is the most important factor for the marine tertiary industry. Wind power production has minimum correlation degree with the marine secondary industry. To realize the sustainable development of marine economy,it requires us to develop the modern marine service industries energetically, and optimize structures of marine industry continuously. At the same time, we should strengthen the use of new energy sources.

关键词(KeyWords): 灰色关联度分析;海洋产业;资源因素
Grey incidence analysis;Marine industry;Marine resources

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作者(Author): 生楠;高健;刘依阳;
SHENG Nana;GAO Jiana;LIU Yiyangb;College of Economics and Management,Shanghai Ocean University;Research Institute of Marine Science ,Shanghai Ocean University;

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