海洋经济

2014, v.4;No.22(04) 15-20

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基于随机前沿方法的长三角航运上市企业效率实证研究
Empirical Research of the Yangtze River Shipping Listed Companies′ Efficiency Based on the Stochastic Frontier Approach

陈雪垠;张效莉;
Chen Xueyin;Zhang Xiaoli;College of Economy and Management, Shanghai Ocean University;

摘要(Abstract):

2008年9月全球经济危机爆发以后,航运企业经营状况普遍恶化。如何提高航运企业效率、增强企业的竞争力,具有重要现实意义。从定量、定性的角度展开对长三角航运企业效率问题的论述,使用随机前沿方法测量各个企业效率,结果表明:航运企业效率差异较大,且普遍较低,其中中海集运技术效率值最高,相反宁波海运最低;企业规模、经营管理以及宏观经济环境、人才等都是影响航运企业效率的重要因素。
In September 2008 after the outbreak of the global economic crisis,shipping companies' operating conditions deteriorated universally. How to improve the efficiency of shipping enterprises and enhance the competitiveness has important practical significance.This paper discusses the efficiency shipping enterprises′ in the Yangtze River delta from the quantitative and qualitative angles. A stochastic frontier approach is used to measure the efficiency of each enterprise. The results show that the difference in efficiency between shipping enterprises′ is big and the efficiency is generally low. The China Ocean shipping Company efficiency is the highest, while on the contrary, that of the Ningbo Ocean Shipping Company is the lowest. Enterprise scale,operation and management as well as macroeconomic environment, and talents are the important factors influencing the efficiency of shipping companies.

关键词(KeyWords): 随机前沿;长三角;航运企业;效率
Stochastic frontier;Yangtze River Delta;Shipping companies;Efficiency

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作者(Author): 陈雪垠;张效莉;
Chen Xueyin;Zhang Xiaoli;College of Economy and Management, Shanghai Ocean University;

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