海洋经济

2016, v.6;No.35(05) 3-12

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海洋生态系统服务非市场价值评估研究特征述评
Review on the Characteristics of Nonmarket Valuation of Marine Ecosystem Services

郭晶;
GUO Jing;College of Economics, Ocean University of China;

摘要(Abstract):

海洋生态系统服务非市场价值评估,通过将"无形的"生态效用价值转化为"有形的"货币价值,正逐渐成为海洋及海岸带综合管理的重要决策依据。基于NOEP收录的432篇经过同业审查的文献,从时空分布、评估对象、评估技术、研究范式四个方面,系统分析了非市场价值评估研究的特征。研究结论显示:1海洋生态服务非市场价值评估研究具有40余年的历史,近年来仍然呈现不断上升的趋势,美国是研究最为集中的区域;2非市场价值评估对象主要集中于沙滩、水质和渔业资源的娱乐价值评估;3评估技术以条件价值评估法、旅行成本法以及特征定价法为主;4评估文献收录的期刊亦发生了明显的变化,由理论研究、技术研究逐渐转移至管理类与政策类期刊。
By making the hidden benefits more visible, nonmarket valuation studies on marine ecosystem services have played an important part in ocean and coastal management decision-making. We examine the timeliness, geographical completeness, comprehen-siveness of assets valued and methodological breadth of the peer-reviewed literature on nonmarket valuation studies. The results suggest that research on nonmarket valuation has been conducted for more than 40 years and the frequency of publication has been increasing in the recent years. The majority of studies were conducted in the US.Furthermore, the depth of literature is concentrated on beach, water quality and fisheries,among which recreational benefits appear in the literature most frequently. Besides, the main used techniques include contingent valuation, travel cost model and hedonic pricing.We also find that the paradigm of nonmarket valuation has shifted from theoretical research to application in marine policy decisions.

关键词(KeyWords): 非市场价值评估;海洋生态系统服务;非市场价值数据库
Nonmarket valuation;Marine ecosystem service;Nonmarket valuation database

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 山东省优秀中青年科学家奖励基金[BS2015HZ006];; 中国博士后基金[861505020010]

作者(Author): 郭晶;
GUO Jing;College of Economics, Ocean University of China;

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