海洋经济

2015, v.5;No.27(03) 55-62

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我国围填海管理优化初探
An Initial Survey of the Management Optimization of Land Reclamation from the Sea in China

高金柱;
Gao Jinzhu;College of Physical and Environmental Oceanography, Ocean University of China;

摘要(Abstract):

围填海是我国沿海地区缓解人地矛盾、扩大社会生存与发展空间的一种有效手段,具有巨大的社会效益和经济效益,荷兰、日本等国家也都靠围填海来解决土地矛盾。同时,围填海是一种彻底改变海域属性的用海行为,存在的弊端不容忽视。通过对围填海管理中的执法力度、平面设计以及制度方面问题进行分析,探讨围填海管理框架,为实现科学合理有效的管理,提出增加生态补偿机制,完善围填海论证和评价制度,加强公众参与和强化监督检查等优化建议。
Land Reclamation from the Sea is an effective means of that Chinese coastal areas alleviating contradictions between humans and landextendingthe space of social survival and development in China′ s coastal areas. Reclamation has great social and economic benefits. Holland,Japan and other countries also resolve contradictions between man and land by sea reclamation. At the same time,sea reclamation is a sea-useconduct that changes the sea area property radically. So the disadvantage of reclamation can′ t be ignored. This article analyzed some problems of reclamation management about law enforcement, graphic design, institution and so on. It discussedthe reclamation management frame. And in order to realize scientific, reasonable, and effective management,it came up with some optimized suggestions such as adding the ecological compensation mechanism,perfecting the reclamation argumentation and evaluation system,and strengthening the supervision and inspection,etc.

关键词(KeyWords): 围填海;管理框架;管理问题;优化建议
reclamation;management frame;management problem;optimized suggestions

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation):

作者(Author): 高金柱;
Gao Jinzhu;College of Physical and Environmental Oceanography, Ocean University of China;

Email:

DOI: 10.19426/j.cnki.cn12-1424/p.2015.03.008

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