海洋经济

2015, v.5;No.28(04) 11-17+25

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我国海水利用业发展现状与问题分析
Status Quo and Problem Analysis of China′s Seawater Utilization

陈艳丽;宋维玲;王波;胡未名;
Chen Yanli;Song Weiling;Wang Bo;Hu Weiming;North China Sea Data and Information Center,State Oceanic Administration;National Marine Data and Information Service;Qinhuangdao Ocean Environment Monitoring Center,State Oceanic Administration;

摘要(Abstract):

我国是一个水资源贫乏的国家,发展海水利用产业,对缓解我国沿海缺水地区和海岛水资源短缺状况,优化用水结构,保障水资源可持续利用具有重要意义,也有利于培育形成新的经济增长点。从产业发展总体状况、区域发展情况、技术发展情况三个方面介绍了我国海水利用业发展的现状;进一步分析了产业在市场前景、政策环境、生产规模、技术成熟度方面的特点;进而指出了产业在配套政策、生产成本、市场需求、自主创新能力方面的问题;最后从六个方面给出了发展的对策建议。
With poor water resources, the development of seawater utilization in China is of significant importance to the alleviation of the water shortage of its coastal areas and islands, optimization of the structure of water consumption and safeguarding the sustainable utilization of water resources. In the meantime, it is conducive to foster new sources of economic growth. This essay introduced the status quo of China′ s seawater utilization development in three aspects: the overall industrial development situation, regional development and technical development. It further analyzed characteristics of the market outlook, policy environment,production scale and technology maturity,and pointed out problems in the fields of supporting policies, production cost, market demand and capability of independent innovation. Finally, the paper provided suggestions for the development of seawater utilization in China in six aspects.

关键词(KeyWords): 海水利用业;发展现状;发展问题
development of seawater utilization;status quo;development problems

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作者(Author): 陈艳丽;宋维玲;王波;胡未名;
Chen Yanli;Song Weiling;Wang Bo;Hu Weiming;North China Sea Data and Information Center,State Oceanic Administration;National Marine Data and Information Service;Qinhuangdao Ocean Environment Monitoring Center,State Oceanic Administration;

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