海洋经济

2016, v.6;No.34(04) 59-64

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英国海上风电产业扶持政策演变、最新态势及启示研究
Research on the Development of UK's Offshore Wind Industry Policy

韦有周;
WEI Youzhou;School of Economics and Management,Shanghai Ocean University;

摘要(Abstract):

近年来,海上风电产业逐渐成全球新能源产业的亮点。英国海上风电产业在短短十几年时间里获得了快速发展,领先于全球,其背后是英国政府强有力的扶持政策。结合相关数据,分析了英国支持海上风电的核心政策—可再生能源义务制度的政策内涵、运作机制、实施效果、存在问题,以及向新政策—差价合约电价制度转变的情况;并总结借鉴英国的经验,提出了促进我国海上风电业发展的对策。
Nowadays, the offshore wind industry is becoming the hot point of global renewable energy. UK's offshore wind industry developed very fast in the past decade and has ranked first for many years. The reason behind it is the full support of UK's government. Based on the latest data, this paper analyzes the operation mechanism, the effect, the problem and the transformation to FIF with Cf D of the Renewable Obligation,which is the main and core support policy of UK. Finally, some policy suggestions are also given to promote China's offshore wind industry.

关键词(KeyWords): 海上风电;海洋电力业;可再生能源;新能源;可再生能源义务制度;差价合约电价制度;英国
offshore wind industry;ocean power industry;renewable energy;Renewable Obligation;FiT with CfD;UK

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 上海海洋海洋大学科技发展专项基金项目“欧美新能源产业扶持政策的机制、效果及启示研究”[A2-0302-15-500017]

作者(Author): 韦有周;
WEI Youzhou;School of Economics and Management,Shanghai Ocean University;

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