海洋经济

2016, v.6;No.32(02) 54-62

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基于三次产业分类的东海经济区海洋产业结构分析
Analysis of Marine Industrial Structure in the Economic Region of the East China Based on Three Industry Classification

魏梦雅;张效莉;
Wei Mengya;Zhang Xiaoli;Research Center of Marine Economy, Shanghai Ocean University;

摘要(Abstract):

在"蓝色经济"飞速发展的21世纪,海洋产业发展日益受到各方重视,东海经济区作为中国海洋经济发展的重要区域,其海洋产业结构势必将随着不断扩大的经济规模进行调整优化。基于三次产业结构分类,以2006—2013年为样本期,通过静态分析与动态分析相结合的分析方法,对东海经济区海洋产业结构进行了较为全面的考察。研究发现,东海经济区海洋第一产业比重偏低,产业优势不足,海洋第二产业比例偏重,产业丰富性及层次不高,第三产业优势明显,但发展后劲不足,三大产业发展不够均衡,不能有效发挥东海海洋产业总体优势。基于分析结果,建议东海经济区优化海洋环境,提高"一产"能力,加强海洋基础设施建设,加快科技兴海战略,优化体制创新,构建合理海洋产业结构。
With the rapid development of "blue economy", marine industry has received more and more attention from all walks of life in the 21 st century. The economic region of the East China Sea, as an important marine economic development area in China, its marine industrial structure would be adjusted and optimized along with the increasingly expanding economic scale. This paper is based on the three industry classification, and chooses the years from 2006 to 2013 as the sample period to have a more comprehensive investigation into the marine industrial structure of the economic region of the East China Sea by combining the static analysis method and the dynamic analysis method. The study has found that: In the economic region of the East China Sea, marine industry has a relatively low proportion of primary industry, and lacks of industrial advantage. Though the secondary industry has a larger proportion, the richness and level of industry is not high enough. And the tertiary industry has an obvious advantage, but lacks of development potential. The three industries development is not balanced enough, which makes it anable to effectively display the overall advantages of the marine industry. in the East China Sea.Based on the analysis above, the paper suggests that the economic region of the East China Sea should optimize the marine environment by improving the ability of the primary industry, strengthening the infrastructure construction, speeding up the strategy of invigorating the ocean through science and technology, optimizing the system innovation,and building the reasonable marine industrial structure.

关键词(KeyWords): 东海经济区;三次产业结构;产业结构调整;优化升级;静态分析;动态分析
the economic region of the East China;three industry classification;static analysis;dynamic analysis

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作者(Author): 魏梦雅;张效莉;
Wei Mengya;Zhang Xiaoli;Research Center of Marine Economy, Shanghai Ocean University;

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