海洋经济

2016, v.6;No.33(03) 40-47

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东海经济区海洋产业集聚与区域经济增长关系研究
Empirical Study of the Relationship between Marine Industry Cluster and Regional Economic Growth in the Economic Region of the East China Sea

纠手才;张效莉;
Jiu Shoucai;Zhang Xiaoli;Center for Studies of Marine Economy, Shanghai Ocean University;

摘要(Abstract):

以东海经济区海洋产业2001—2013年面板数据为基础,计算东海经济区海洋产业的区位商,并运用格兰杰因果检验和动态面板广义矩估计的方法对海洋产业集聚与区域经济增长的关系进行实证研究,结果显示:海洋产业集聚与区域经济增长之间并非简单的线性关系;适度海洋产业集聚产生集聚效应可以促进沿海区域经济的发展,过度的海洋产业集聚则产生拥挤效应阻碍沿海区域经济的发展。海洋战略性新兴产业因具有广大的发展前景、强大的产业带动能力以及低能耗、环保绿色等特征备受青睐,但其发展需要强有力的科技成果支撑。因此,应加强对相关科技成果产业化、市场化的推进,加速海洋战略性新兴产业规模化、产业集聚是未来海洋产业发展的关键。
The Economic Region of the East China Sea has more developed provinces and cities in China, and it has played an important role in the development of China 's economy. On the base of collecting the marine industry panel data in the Economic Region of the East China Sea in 2001-2013 and calculating the marine industry Location Quotient in the Economic Region of the East China Sea, this article makes an empirical study between marine industry cluster and regional economic growth by using the granger causality test and the dynamic panel GMM estimate method. The conclusion from empirical results is that the relationship between the marine industrial cluster and the regional economic growth is not a simple linear one; the moderate marine industry cluster generates the agglomeration effect and it can promote the economic development of coastal areas,whereas the excessive marine industry cluster generates the crowding effect and hinder the coastal region economic development. Finally, basis from the above conclusions we gain the enlightenment that marine strategic emerging industries are favored because they have broad developing prospects, powerful industry driving ability, low energy consumption,environmentally green and other features. However, their development requires strong scientific and technological achievements to support. Based on this, to strengthen promoting industrialization and marketability of the relevant scientific and technological achievements,accelerate the marine strategic emerging industries to form the large-scale, industrial agglomeration is the key to the future development of the marine industry.

关键词(KeyWords): 东海经济区;海洋产业集聚;区域经济增长;海洋战略性新兴产业;区位熵;动态面板广义矩估计
Economic Region of the East China Sea;marine industry cluster;regional economic growth;Location Quotient;dynamic panel GMM estimate method

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作者(Author): 纠手才;张效莉;
Jiu Shoucai;Zhang Xiaoli;Center for Studies of Marine Economy, Shanghai Ocean University;

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