海洋经济

2018, v.8;No.48(06) 26-39

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全球价值链视角下我国远洋渔业国际竞争力影响因素研究
Influence Factors of the International Competition Advantage of Ocean Fisheries in China from the Perspective of the Global Value Chain

高小玲;龚玲;张效莉;
GAO Xiaoling;GONG Ling;ZHANG Xiaoli;College of Management and Economics, Shanghai Ocean University;The Center of Marine Economics, Shanghai Ocean University;

摘要(Abstract):

文章基于全球价值链视角,结合远洋渔业的产业特性,构建了远洋渔业国际竞争力概念框架及其影响因素理论模型。进而基于我国74家远洋渔业企业的问卷调查横截面数据,运用多元回归分析,深入解剖了影响我国远洋渔业经济租金、国际话语权、国际在位权、企业就业贡献四个国际竞争力维度的影响因素。研究发现:(1)远洋渔业企业越是进行海外远洋渔业基地建设、基地建设功能越健全,水产品国内消费市场越兴盛,远洋渔业企业冷冻、冷藏等储藏能力越强,企业越是能获得持续盈利优势。(2)远洋渔业设备技术研发、远洋渔业金融政策、政府间远洋渔业争议协商机制和海上通信系统研发,有助于提高我国远洋渔业国际组织影响力。(3)企业船上加工技术、企业水产品出口能力、海外直接投资正向显著影响企业履约能力。(4)企业远洋渔船规模、企业有自己独特的海洋与岸上联动发展模式,促进了企业社会就业贡献。
Based on the global value chain theory, the article integrates industrial characteristics into the theory mode of international competitive advantage in the field of ocean fisheries. Then it utilizes multiple regression analysis and analyzes the factors influencing Chinese firms′ economic rents, international discourse power, international incumbency and employment contribution on the basis of the cross-sectional data sets from seventy-four firms. It proves the following findings:(Ⅰ) The more perfect the bases abroad are, the more booming the domestic seafood consumer market is, the stronger the refrigeration capacity of firms, the better sustainable economic rents are.(Ⅱ) The research and development of device techniques and maritime communication system, financial policy and dispute negotiation mechanism among nations help to improve the international influence in the field of ocean fisheries.(Ⅲ) On-board processing technology, seafood export capability and overseas direct investment have direct positive effects on the performance capability of firms.(Ⅳ) The scale of oceangoing fishing vessels and the uniquely business mode between maritime and land promote employment contribution of firms.

关键词(KeyWords): 全球价值链;远洋渔业;国际竞争力;影响因素;实证研究
Global value chain;Ocean fisheries;International competition advantage;Influence factors;Empirical research

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作者(Author): 高小玲;龚玲;张效莉;
GAO Xiaoling;GONG Ling;ZHANG Xiaoli;College of Management and Economics, Shanghai Ocean University;The Center of Marine Economics, Shanghai Ocean University;

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