海洋经济

2016, v.6;No.36(06) 29-36

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天津市近岸海域海洋生态文明建设初探
Study on the Marine Ecological Civilization Construction in the Tianjin Coastal Area

张秋丰;徐玉山;刘森;
ZHANG Qiufeng;XU Yushan;LIU Sen;Tianjin Marine Environment Monitoring Central Station;

摘要(Abstract):

党的十八大明确提出大力推进生态文明建设,建设海洋强国的战略部署。天津滨海新区位于我国环渤海地区的中心地带,在海洋经济发展中有着举足轻重的地位,然而随着经济发展和人口聚集,天津近岸海域的生态环境和资源问题日益突出。因此,海洋生态文明建设对于加快天津市经济转型,保护天津市海洋资源与生态环境,促进人与海洋、社会和谐发展具有重要意义。立足于天津市近岸海域环境质量现状,对生态保护区建设、生态保护红线制度及海洋环境资源承载能力监测评估等进展进行汇总,探讨了目前天津近岸海域生态环境存在的问题及相应的管理措施,以期为天津海洋生态文明建设提供决策参考。
Marine ecological civilization construction was proposed in the Eighteenth National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party. The Binhai New District of Tianjin is located in the central position of circum-Bohai-sea region and plays an essential role in the marine economic development. With the economic development and population aggregation, the environment and resource problems are becoming more serious. For this reason, the marine ecological civilization construction is very important for the economic transition and marine environmental protection. In this paper, we summarized the achievements of the ecological reserve construction, ecological protec-tion red line system and the monitoring and evaluation of the marine environmental resources bearing capacity. We discussed the current environmental problems of the Tianjin coastal area and the management measures based on the current situation in order to provide valuable recommendations for the Tianjin marine ecological civilization construction.

关键词(KeyWords): 天津;近岸海域;海洋生态文明;质量现状;管理措施
Tianjin;Coastal area;Marine ecological civilization;Current environmental problems;Management measures

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家海洋局全国近岸生态监控区监测专项

作者(Author): 张秋丰;徐玉山;刘森;
ZHANG Qiufeng;XU Yushan;LIU Sen;Tianjin Marine Environment Monitoring Central Station;

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