海洋经济

2016, v.6;No.33(03) 27-32

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海岸线私属化应对措施研究
Study on the Measures for Preventing the Privatization of Public Coastline

王江涛;
Wang Jiangtao;National Marine Data and Information Service;

摘要(Abstract):

海岸线承载着城市公共服务功能,关系到民生保障。海岸线私属化主要原因包括保障海岸线公共功能的法律制度缺失,政府、社会公众、开发者对海岸线公共服务功能的认识不足,以及开发者谋求经济利益最大化。借鉴国外海岸线管理经验,结合我国海岸线管理现状,根据"十三五"时期经济社会发展对海岸线的战略需求,提出维护海岸线公共服务功能的措施,主要包括:1加快海岸线法制建设,明确海岸线管理职责;2在城市和土地规划体系中建立海岸退缩线制度;3调整海岸线供给方向和结构,挖掘海岸线在公共服务功能的供给潜力;4通过政府购买服务的模式,加大公众亲海设施建设力度。
The coastline carries the functions of city public services, which is closely related to people's livelihood security. The main reasons for the privatization of coastline include the lack of legal system to safeguard the public functions of coastline, the inadequate understanding on the public service functions of coastline of the government,the public and the developers, and developers' seeking to maximize economic benefits. On the basis of learning from foreign experiences in coastline management, combined with the domestic current situation of coastline management, and according to the strategic demands of social and economic development on coastline in the 13 th five-year planning period,four major measures for the maintenance of the public service functions of coastline were put forward in this study: Firstly, the construction of the legal system of coastline should be accelerated, and the responsibilities of coastline management should be defined clearly;Secondly, the coastal setback lines should be established in the system of urban and land planning; Thirdly, the direction and structure of the supplies by coastline should be adjusted, and the potentialities of the supplies of the public service functions by coastline should be exploited; Fourthly, through the mode of the government purchase of public services, the construction of public facilities for accessing to the ocean should be strengthened.

关键词(KeyWords): 土地资源;海岸线私属化;公共服务;海岸退缩线
land resources;the privatization of coastline;public services;coastal setback line

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家软科学研究计划项目[2012GXS4B055];; 国家海洋软科学项目[OSS-2014-18]

作者(Author): 王江涛;
Wang Jiangtao;National Marine Data and Information Service;

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