海洋经济

2015, v.5;No.26(02) 40-46

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基于动态因子分析的上海港竞争力实证研究
Empirical Study on Shanghai Port's Competitiveness Based on Dynamic Factor Analysis

钱学凤;温艳萍;
Qian Xuefeng;Wen Yanping;College of Management and Economics,Shanghai Ocean University;

摘要(Abstract):

研究上海港的优势和劣势,准确定位上海港的综合竞争力,是上海港发展战略研究的重要内容。利用STATA软件,首次引入动态因子分析法对全国各港口2007—2012年的面板数据进行横向和纵向的分析评价,重在了解上海港的动态变化及其地位。研究结果表明:上海港横向排名处于上游水平,综合实力较强;纵向上总体呈上升趋势,但有波动,其发展潜力明显不足,发展空间几乎枯竭。最后,提出提升上海港竞争力的两个方案:拓展新的发展空间和与其他港口资源共享、错位发展,以期为上海港的可持续发展提供决策参考。
It is an important content of the research on the development strategy of Shanghai port to study Shanghai port's advantages and disadvantages,and accurately locate the comprehensive competitiveness of Shanghai port. It used the STATA software,and comprehensively evaluated the panel data of each port from 2007 to 2012 by dynamic factor analysis which was introduced to evaluate the competitiveness of ports for the first time. Through horizontal and vertical analysis of the comprehensive competitiveness of Shanghai port,it focused on understanding its dynamic changes and position. The results showed that the Shanghai port's competitiveness ranking was ahead in the transverse direction,and its comprehensive strength was strong;longitudinally,the competitiveness was on an upward trend in general,but there was fluctuation and clear insufficiency in its development potential;and space for development has been nearly exhausted. At last,it proposed two solutions to enhance the competitiveness of Shanghai port:expanding new space for development and sharing resources with other ports to realize dislocated development,thus,providing policy-making reference for the sustainable development of Shanghai port.

关键词(KeyWords): 港口竞争力;综合评价;动态因子分析
competitive power of port;comprehensive evaluation;Dynamic Factor Analysis

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 上海海洋大学经济管理学院院内基金“自贸区背景下港城互动关系研究”

作者(Author): 钱学凤;温艳萍;
Qian Xuefeng;Wen Yanping;College of Management and Economics,Shanghai Ocean University;

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