海洋经济

2017, v.7;No.41(05) 22-29

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基于日本市场数据的中国出口水产品质量测算及比较
Estimation and Comparison of China's Exported Aquatic Products Based on Japanese Market Data

李晨;王丽媛;邵桂兰;
LI Chen;WANG Liyuan;SHAO Guilan;School of Economics, Ocean University of China;

摘要(Abstract):

水产品质量提升是中国水产品贸易转型升级的关键。利用2000—2015年联合国贸易统计数据库水产品贸易数据,对中国、美国、俄罗斯、泰国出口至日本市场的水产品质量进行测算及比较。结果表明,2000—2015年间美国出口水产品的整体质量水平最高,中国出口水产品质量与之差距较大,但在2013年反超泰国,在美国和俄罗斯之后,位列第三。但从SITC Rev.3的3位编码水产品来看,四个国家在日本市场上初级加工水产品质量要好于深加工水产品质量;中国的四类水产品质量都呈现出上升趋势,其中037类水产品质量居于首位,035类居第二位,034和036类水产品质量在四国中排名靠后,分别位于第三位和第四位。最后,为进一步提高中国出口水产品质量提出了几点建议。
The improvement of aquatic product quality is the key to the transformation and upgrading of aquatic products in China. Using the trade data of aquatic products in the United Nations trade system from 2000 to 2015, the paper measured and compared the quality of aquatic products exported from China, the United States, Russia and Thailand to the Japanese market. The results show that the overall quality of US exports of aquatic products from 2000 to 2015 was the highest, and the quality of Chinese exports of aquatic products had a relatively large gap as compared with the US's, but it ranked third after the United States and Russia in 2013. However, from the three encoded aquatic products of SITC Rev.3, the four countries' quality of primary processing of aquatic products is better than the quality of deep processing of aquatic products in the Japanese market; China's four types of aquatic products are showing an upward trend, of which the 037 aquatic product quality was in the first place, 035 classes ranked second, 034 and 036 class of aquatic product quality in the four countries ranked, respectively, third and fourth.Therefore, in order to further improve the quality of China's exports of aquatic products,several recommendations were made.

关键词(KeyWords): 日本市场;中国;竞争者;水产品质量
Japanese market;China;Competitor;Aquatic product quality

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家社科基金项目“中国海洋渔业经济低碳化实现机制研究”[11BJY064];; 山东省社科基金“新常态下山东省海洋战略性新兴产业创新驱动研究”[16DJJJ14];; 青岛市社科基金项目“青岛市海洋战略性新兴产业发展路径及保障对策研究”[QDSKL1701012]

作者(Author): 李晨;王丽媛;邵桂兰;
LI Chen;WANG Liyuan;SHAO Guilan;School of Economics, Ocean University of China;

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